Forests for shelter and shade on rural farms provide service to livestock and mitigate erosive processes, among other environmental services, and allow producers to diversify their income. The incorporation of forests on the land is an activity that requires specialized knowledge and skills, and financial resources (Mercer 2004). Despite the potential in terms of production and income improvements, the adoption of these systems is generally low in Latin America. Thus, in Chile, family producers present 4% afforested on average production of 50 ha (Sotomayor 2010). In Uruguay, an estimated of 9% of livestock is raised on forested land (Bussoni et al. 2017) and the forests for shelter and shade occupy 8% of the planted 1 million ha or 2.47 million acres (MGAP 2019). There are various incentives to introduce trees to livestock farms in Latin America (Calle et al. 2012) such as subsidies, credits, and payment for environmental services. From 2008 to 2013 (MGAP 2008; MGAP 2013), partial subsidies were granted to incorporate forests to improve the adaptation of livestock activity to climate variability and promote improvements in global farm productivity. This study utilizes five case studies to explore the potential of these forests to improve income, and 55 case studies to examine the main difficulties when implementing forests through semi-structured interviews.
Written by Bussoni Adriana1, Munka Carolina1, Boscana Mariana1, González Ana1, Rachetti Marcello2. 1Agronomy College - Universidad de la República - Udelar. 2Comisión Nacional de Fomento Rural
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